Nestlé purchased seafood from Thailand suppliers involved in forced labor and human trafficking
Thailand is one of the largest seafood exporters globally3. The country generated a revenue of $6.7 billion in 2019 from meat and seafood exports10. However, the Thai fishing industry is tainted by repetitive incidents of child labor and human rights violation11;p1. Approximately 38% of the workers on the fishing vessels in the country are brought in through human trafficking networks, while 14% of the children working on Thai fishing vessels reported physical exploitation3.
Nestlé exacerbates the plastic pollution crisis in developing nations through sachet marketing
Sachet packaging pedalled in nations like the Philippines and co-opted by multinational companies is alarming. Sachets are mini, sealed, single or multi-layered type of single-use packaging not reusable and hardly recyclable. Sachet purchase is higher among lower socioeconomic brackets for its affordability, convenience and indispensability.1;p13 Fast Moving Consumer Goods (FMCG) manufacturers leverage this by pushing 'sachet marketing' to attract low-income populated communities but remain unaccountable for the environmental and social impact of the plastic it manufactures. The global sachet packaging market size in 2019 is USD 8b.2
Nestlé’s door-to-door sales is a contributor to obesity in Brazil
Globally around 2 billion adults were categorized as overweight, of these 650 million were obese (BMI≥30 kg/m2), as per the WHO, 2016 report1. Statistically, one-in-five children and adults are reported to be overweight worldwide2. In 2019, 38 million children under the age of 5 were overweight or obese3.
Nestle saving water through its Water Stewardship Master Plan
Nestlé has introduced “’Water Stewardship Master Plans” in key markets, with clear responsibilities, targets, and deadlines.1.p28 As of 2015, the company has achieved 40.2% less water per tonne of product since 2005 and has recycled or reused 7.7 million m3 of water.5 Nestle is implementing over 376 water-saving projects in its factories. These projects will deliver 1.84 million cubic metres of water, with special focus on 31 ’High Priority Manufacturing Facilities’.1.p28
Nestlé's partnership with coffee farmers in Vietnam saved 50 million m3 of water yearly
It seems unlikely for Vietnam, a country with 16 river basins and nearly 3,500 rivers, to have water problems1;p35. However, a deeper look at its water situation reveals that almost 2/3 of the water flow comes from the upstream part of the river in neighbouring countries. This results in Vietnam's population having low levels of internal renewable water resources at 4,200 m3/year1;p35, which is uncomfortably close to the International Water Resources Association water shortage criteria of <4000 m3 per capita/year2.