In your analysis, you must first look at the overall waste associated with the company’s product or service. Total products sold might be available in the company’s CSR/Sustainability annual report, so check there first. Make sure to report the most recent year. Yearly hazardous waste produced should be expressed in tonnes and its multiples.
Make sure to mention what type of waste they are producing, as they have different impacts on the environment and/ human health. Then, be sure to describe what that particular impact on the environment/health is.
Describe the scale of the impact by taking into account:
1/ The breadth of the impact
Is the impact local, national, or global?
How many people are concerned? Thousands? Millions? Billions?
2/ The depth of the impact
Is the life of people concerned deeply affected, or does the issue just marginally impact them?
Are the changes brought by the issue profoundly changing society or the planet?
3/ The persistence of the impact
You may compare the company’s waste production with the industry average or a close competitor if that number is not available. You may also compare the tangible amounts such as the number of whales, number of waste trucks, number of average individuals’ annual waste production, etc. that this waste represents.
In your analysis, make sure you add value to your readers and go beyond the company’s CSR report by not merely reporting data from the company’s report, but going the extra mile of providing additional metrics, studies, and sources to make your analysis robust and the impact value and scale are clear.
If there is a clear impact on the local ecosystem, SDG 14 is more relevant. In that case, you should head to Aquatic Ecosystem Pollution.