What are they?
Conflict resources are natural resources extracted in a conflict zone, which can directly or indirectly perpetuate the fighting.
The four most commonly mined conflict minerals are cassiterite (for tin), wolframite (for tungsten), coltan (for tantalum), and gold ore. They are known as the 3TG. These minerals are essential in the manufacture of a variety of products, including consumer electronics such as smartphones, tablets, and computers.
The extraction and sale of blood diamonds, also known as "conflict diamonds", is a better-known phenomenon which occurs under similar conditions. Even petroleum can be a conflict resource.
The flagship program of the RMI, the Responsible Minerals Assurance Process (RMAP), takes a unique approach to help companies make informed choices about responsibly sourcing such minerals in their supply chains.