Numbers
 It is preferable not to use decimals, especially when making forecasts/predictions. Instead, values should be rounded up or down to their closest integer.
 Integers expressible in one or two words may be expressed in numerals (unless it is below 10, and can be expressed in words). Other numbers are given in numerals or in forms such as 121 million.
 You should use dots for decimal separators if necessary* (e.g. 6.5 million)
 You should use a comma for thousands separator (e.g. 6,500,000)
 Mn; Bn; Tn, respectively, may be used for "million" (x10^6) or "billion" (x10^9) or "trillion" (x10^12) after a number when the currency unit has been spelled out at the first occurrence (Her estate of USD45 million was split among her husband (USD30M) and her son (USD15M).
 For physical numbers, the use of scientific multiples is highly recommended: "k" for kilo (x103), "M" for Mega (x106), and "G" for Giga (x109), "T" for Tera (x1012). For even bigger multiples, the use of "10n " is preferred.
 For percentages, the symbol (%) should be used, with no spaces between the number and the symbol.
Understanding the Indian Numeral System
All values must be expressed in the international numerical system (INS).
The difference between the international and Indian systems is the position of commas and the place values.
The sequence of place values in the Indian system is ones, tens, hundreds, thousands, ten thousand, lakhs, ten lakhs, and crores. For example; 32,49,89,986
6ones, 8tens, 9hundreds, 9thousands, 8ten thousand, 9lakhs, 4ten lakhs, 2crores, 3ten crores.
The most commonly used place values are; Lakhs which are expressed as 100,000 and crores as expressed as 10,000,000.
If an amount is reported in either lakhs or crores multiply the amount by 100,000 or 10,000,000 respectively then convert it.
"The terms lakh or 1,00,000 (one hundred thousand, written as 100,000 outside India) and crore or 1,00,00,000 (ten million, written as 10,000,000 outside India) are the most commonly used terms in Indian English to express large numbers in the system."
How to convert crore to million? One crore is equal to 10 million.
A crore, kodi, khokha, karod, karor, or koti denotes ten million and is equal to 100 lakh in the Indian numbering system. It is written as 1,00,00,000 with the local 2,2,3 style of digit group separators."
Currencies
To have a base for comparison and some uniformity, we ask that you convert all currencies should be converted to either euro (EUR) or US dollars (USD).
You should use the international currency code once before using the currency symbol, as the same symbol can be used for several currencies. For instance, $ is used for US dollars, Canadian dollars, Singapore dollars, etc.
For formatting, currency symbols are placed before the number, and unspaced (e.g., USD1.20 not USD 1.20).
Dates
 Full dates are formatted as 10 June 2020 or June 10, 2020.
 Abbreviations for months, such as Feb, are used only where space is limited. Such abbreviations should use three letters only, and should not be followed by a period (full point) except at the end of a sentence.
 Do not use the year before the digits (1995, not the year 1995), unless the meaning would otherwise be unclear.
 Decades are written in the format “the 1980s”, with no apostrophe. Use the twodigit form ('80s) only with an established social or cultural meaning.
 The term "current" should be avoided. What is current today may not be tomorrow; situations change over time. Instead, use date and timespecific text.
Abbreviations
As a general rule, most abbreviations should be spelled out before being used, unless they are wellknown (e.g. unions of countries such as the EU)
For countries
 Following the ISO 3166 international standard, a threedigit code should be used. For example: CAN, FRA, USA, IND.
 See all country codes here.
For unions of countries
 Only official acronyms should be used, such as the EU for the European Union.
For international organizations
 Official acronyms should be used.
 See here for more.
Units
All units should follow the International System of Units (SI).
*Please subscript the 2 in CO2 and CO2e, and superscript the number when writing in square or cubic meters/kilometers.
TYPE 
UNITS 
SYMBOLS 
NONVALID UNITS 
WEIGHT 
Tonnes (or
metric tons)*
Million tonnes (or million metric tons)
Kilograms
Grams 
t
Mn t
kg
g 
Long ton/short ton (sometimes written just ton)
Pounds
Ounces 
LENGTH 
Kilometer
Meter
Centimeter
Millimeter 
km
m
cm
mm 
Mile
Inch
Hand
Foot 
AREA 
Square meter
Hectares 
m^2
ha 
Square foot
Acre
Yard 
VOLUME 
Liter or litre
Cubic meter 
L or l
m^3 
Gallon
Pint
Quart
Cubic foot 
TEMPERATURE 
Celcius 
C° 
Fahrenheit 
TIME 
Hour
Minute
Second
Year 
h
m
s
y or yr 

ENERGY 
Kilowatthour
Megawatthour
Gigawatthour
Calorie 
kWh
MWh
GWh
cal 

CHEMICAL COMPOUND 
Carbon dioxide
Carbon dioxide equivalent
Methane 
CO2*
CO2e**
CH4**


*Japanese companies use the metric system, but write metric tons/tonnes as 'ton'. This can be verified by simply doublechecking their reports and verifying that all units are in the metric system. For instance, water is reported in m3 and not ft3.
**Please round to the nearest whole number, especially when making forecasts or own calculations, as precise numbers do not always make sense, and actually make the reading more complicated.
You can use words to show that these values are approximative.
For example, instead of writing:
The global hygiene products market is valued at USD130.81Bn as of 2019, with Essity having USD14.06Bn net sales in 2020, it has a global market share of roughly 10.7%. Based on statistics, 5.5Bn (71%) of people worldwide have access to basic hygiene services. As such, Essity’s products potentially reach 591.16Mn people (5.5Bn people x 10.7% global market share).
We would expect:
The global hygiene products market is valued at around USD130Bn as of 2019, with Essity having USD14Bn net sales in 2020, it has a global market share of roughly 11%. Based on statistics, 5.5Bn (71%) of people worldwide have access to basic hygiene services. As such, Essity’s products potentially reach roughly 600Mn people (5.5Bn people x 10.7% global market share).