Our Frameworks

A deep dive into the approach & frameworks we use for measuring impact.

The 17 UN Sustainable Development Goals do serve as part of our framework- but they are not the entire picture. Although they can capture various essential impacts across a wide range of industries and activities, they can often overlap.

Because measuring current impact is inherently complex and multifaceted, a framework will always have limitations.

We have implemented new frameworks simultaneously to provide multi-dimensional classifications and assess impact through different lenses. Learn more in each section below.

The UN Sustainable Development Goals

Sustainable Development Goals (United Nations)

At Impaakt, we use the SDGs as an analytical framework to help our contributors structure their work. Our clients compare the impact of different companies according to well-defined, standardised themes.

You can find out more here: https://app.impaakt.com/sdgs

Impact Categories (Impaakt)

Products:

The impact described is related to the company's sector of activities, i.e., WHAT they sell. The impact is generated while using their products & services, not when they are manufactured/produced.

Some examples include:

  • Essential needs being covered by the products & services offered by the company (e.g., access to water and nutrition, provision of healthcare or education, mobility, etc.)
  • Pollution or environmental issues generated while using the company's products & services (e.g., driving a car)
  • Health issues related to the consumption of the company's products and services (e.g., screen addiction, obesity, etc.)
Processes:

The impact described is related to the company's operations, i.e., HOW they run their business.

Some examples include:

  • Pollution or resource depletion related to the manufacturing or distributing the goods and services (e.g., oil spill, GHG emissions at plant level)
  • Social or environmental impacts on the companies' employees, suppliers, or local communities where production occurs (e.g., diversity and inclusion, labour practices, etc.)
  • Job creation, labour practices, or workforce health & safety.
  • Impacts related to bribery, money laundering, or anti-competitive behaviour.
Taxes & Philanthropy:

The impact described is related to the company's contribution to TAXES & philanthropic initiatives, such as through CHARITABLE programs (carried by the company itself or the corporate foundation).

Some examples include:

  • Net tax paid
  • The distribution of the company's products and services for free or at a reduced cost.
  • Provision of grants to charitable organizations.
  • Pro-bono work done by the company's staff.
  • Manufacturing plants used to produce emergency supplies for free or at a cost outside the company's core activities (e.g., textile companies manufacturing masks during pandemics).
  • Support to local communities or people in distress.

Investment Leaders Group Themes (Investment Leaders Group, convened by the University of Cambridge Institute for Sustainability Leadership (CISL))

The ILG themes started to get momentum in the sustainable finance industry. It is "a global network of pension funds, insurers and asset managers, with over £14 trillion under management and advice".

This framework allows us to:

  1. Get the social and environmental score of a company
  2. Give the capacity for our clients to view a company's impact based on the ILG themes

They came up with a framework to analyse the impact using the SDGs as a reference point, but with six broader themes that are either:

Social

  • Basic Needs

  • Well-being

  • Decent Work

Environmental

  • Resource security

  • Healthy Ecosystems

  • Climate stability

Sources:
https://www.cisl.cam.ac.uk/bus...
https://www.cisl.cam.ac.uk/sys...

Impact Topics

The Impaakt Team has conducted extensive research for 77 industries across 11 sectors to identify the most pertinent social and environmental impacts.

Some impact topics are relevant for all companies across the board, such as Greenhouse Gas emissions and Job Creation, amongst others, while others are industry-specific, such as Gentrification and Water Pollution.

We have used the themes the Sustainability Accounting Standards Board (SASB) provided, and they have inspired these topics and descriptions.

Access & AffordabilityAccess to (Accurate) InformationA company's ability to ensure broad and accurate access to its services, specifically in the context of accurate and unbiased information.
Access & AffordabilityAccess to Education & TrainingA company's ability to ensure broad access to education and skills through its products and services, specifically in the context of underserved population groups.
Access & AffordabilityAccess to Underserved CommunitiesA company's ability to ensure broad access to its products and services, specifically in the context of underserved population groups.
Customer WelfareAdverse Health Impacts from Products or ServicesThe topic addresses customer welfare concerns. It is about the ability of companies to negatively impact their consumers' health through the products they sell.
Human Rights & Community RelationsAdverse Health Impacts on CommunitiesEnvironmental externalities, including air emissions, soil pollution, and water contamination, can affect the human health of those living near the company's operations.
Access & AffordabilityAffordabilityA company's ability to provide affordable products and services, specifically in the context of underserved population groups.
Competitive BehaviorAnti-Competitive BehaviourIssues associated with the existence of monopolies and management of legal and social expectations around monopolistic and anti-competitive practices.
Business EthicsBriberyCompanies pay bribes for their own gains.
Business EthicsBusiness EthicsThis aims to capture scandals that have had a significant social or environmental impact. It entails a significant breach in standards for morally right and wrong conduct in business, demonstrating that the effect goes beyond government control regarding ethical conduct that causes significant harm. There should be clear proof of wrongdoings and direct impact.
Human Rights & Community RelationsCommunity RelationsThe topic assesses the positive impact of businesses on the communities in which they operate or that are directly or indirectly affected by the company's activities, products, and services.
GHG EmissionsClean Mobility SolutionsPositive environmental impacts of clean mobility alternatives from providing substantial technological solutions created and adopted by companies to accelerate the transition towards cleaner mobility.
Customer WelfareCustomer WelfareSocial issues arise from misleading and deceiving consumers, such as through discriminatory or predatory selling and lending practices, overcharging, deceitful policy benefits, and others.
Data SecurityData Security & PrivacyThe voluntary collection, retention, and use of sensitive, confidential, and/or proprietary customer or user data. It includes social issues from selling data to other companies for targeted advertisements and other means.
Ecological ImpactsDigital Environmental SolutionsThe direct and intended impact of a company's products and/or services that allow individuals and other businesses to enjoy environmental solutions through digital means.
Access & AffordabilityDigital Social SolutionsThe direct and intended impact of a company's products and/or services that allow individuals and other businesses to enjoy social solutions through digital means.
Employee Engagement, Diversity & InclusionEmployee Gender DiversityEnhancing workforce gender diversity, particularly among management positions, will help employees gain skills and become empowered.
Employee Engagement, Diversity & InclusionEmployee InclusionThe practice and policy of a company providing equal access to opportunities and resources in its workforce for people who might otherwise be excluded or marginalized.
Ecological ImpactsEnvironmental Impacts from Food WasteFood loss and waste represent a loss of resources used in food production, which include land, water, labor, energy, and agricultural chemicals, GHG emissions. It also contributes to food insecurity and represents a financial burden.
Ecological ImpactsEnvironmental Impacts from Material SourcingDifferent industries rely on various materials as key inputs for their finished products, having various environmental impacts.
Ecological ImpactsEnvironmental SolutionsProducts or services created by a company that has positive ecological impacts, such as solutions to protect biodiversity and increase conservation strategies.
It includes the impacts of products and services that allow individuals and other businesses to consume energy more efficiently and reduce electricity consumption, manage waste more efficiently and sustainability, and water efficiency technology, providing access to clean and safe drinking water and sanitation solutions in the form of equipment, infrastructure, and services.
Customer WelfareFinancial ExcessThe topic addresses the company's impacts through its lending and other banking practices, which are designed to create debt and put customers under long-term financial risk. This includes predatory lending practices and issuing credit cards to vulnerable individuals, among others.
Selling Practices & Product LabelingGentrificationThis topic addresses the socio-economic and broader effects associated with gentrification. Gentrification can lead to unaffordable housing, loss of livelihood, mental health issues, etc.
GHG EmissionsGHG EmissionsThe 7 GHG emissions a company generates through its operations (Scope 1, 2, and 3).
Customer WelfareHealth Impacts from Products or ServicesThe ability of companies to positively or negatively impact their consumers' health through the products they sell. Catering to specific diets and health requirements can help reduce health conditions, and providing unhealthy products can exacerbate them.
Human Rights & Community RelationsHuman RightsThis topic addresses a company's involvement in human rights violations, including but not limited to livelihood destructions, land-grabbing, systematic discrimination, violence, human trafficking, and forced displacement. These acts stem from a company's direct involvement in any activity that hinders peoples' and communities' intrinsic rights and complicity through any acts of human rights violations committed by third parties.
Employee Engagement, Diversity & InclusionJob CreationCompanies contribute to prosperity through job creation (quantity and quality of jobs).
Labor PracticesLabour PracticesThe topic discusses a company's ability to uphold commonly accepted labor standards in the workplace, including compliance with labor laws and internationally accepted norms and standards.
Ecological ImpactsLandscape AlterationLand use for exploration, natural resource extraction, chemical management, cultivation, project development, construction, and siting results in negative ecological impacts.
Business EthicsMoney LaunderingCompanies laundering money for their own gains.
Waste & Hazardous Materials ManagementOperational Waste ProductionEnvironmental issues are associated with hazardous and non-hazardous waste generated by companies' operations.
Water & Wastewater ManagementOperational Water ConsumptionA company's water use, water consumption, and other impacts of operations on water resources may be influenced by regional differences in the availability and quality of and competition for water resources.
Selling Practices & Product LabelingOverconsumptionThe lifespan of apparel, footwear, and accessories has significantly decreased due to fast fashion and other motives leading to overconsumption. The excessive purchasing of products, which are often low-priced goods of low quality, may lead to adverse social impacts. This includes but is not limited to dissatisfaction and financial losses.
Product Design & Lifecycle ManagementProduct End-of-Life WasteEnvironmental issues associated with hazardous and non-hazardous waste generated from end-of-life of products. It includes the impacts of products, such as packaging or at the end of life. The company's impact lies in the absolute amount of products sold and whether the products can easily be recycled.
Product Quality & SafetyProduct Quality & SafetyIssues involving unintended characteristics of products sold or services provided may create health or safety risks to end-users or can offer manufactured products and/or services that meet customer expectations concerning their health and safety characteristics.
Customer WelfarePromote or Hinder Gender Equality or Inclusion through Products or ServicesCompanies can drive diversity and inclusion of women and minorities through their products and services.
Customer WelfareR&D SolutionsThe impact of a company's research and development (R&D) that allow individuals to benefit from new medical advancements.
Energy ManagementRenewable Energy SolutionsThe impact of products allows individuals and other businesses to produce, store and distribute renewable energy, ultimately driving the energy transition.
Human Rights & Community RelationsSME EmpowermentCompanies can empower Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) in their supply chain. Empowerment and facilitating livelihood access can be addressed mainly through the company's core business activities.
Access & AffordabilitySocial SolutionsThis topic addresses the impact of a company's products and services that allow individuals and other businesses to enjoy social solutions. This is about the direct and intended impact of the products or services offered by the company.
Human Rights & Community RelationsSupply Chain EmpowermentDeals with indigenous/local people's resources, skills, knowledge, endowments, and food insecurity programs that relate to one's dignity and betterment of living standards.
Business EthicsTaxesThe amount of taxes a company has paid compared to the ‘effective tax rates’ imposed by the country where the company is based.
Ecological ImpactsWater PollutionWastewater is released into the environment resulting in aquatic ecosystem pollution.
Employee Health & SafetyWorkforce Health & SafetyThe topic discusses the most important hazards associated with industries.

Core Business Impact Topics

Each company has a Core Business Analysis, which addresses the primary and direct benefit for society through the products or services offered. These analyses assess the impact of these products or services the company offers on fundamental needs (i.e., health, mobility, productivity, etc.).

The Core Business analyses do not include the positive or negative externalities of the company's products and services (e.g., pollution during the manufacturing process, job creation, product waste, etc.) as these topics are covered in separate analyses.

The Impact Category will always be 'Products' for these Core Business Impact analyses.

The SASB Theme will always be 'Access & Affordability'.

Multiline and Specialty Retailers & DistributorsCore Business Impact (Access to Consumer Goods)SDG 9Basic Needs
Advertising & MarketingCore Business Impact (Access to Data/Information)SDG 8Well-being
Professional & Commercial ServicesCore Business Impact (Access to Data/Information)SDG 9Well-being
EducationCore Business Impact (Access to Education)SDG 4Basic Needs
BiofuelsCore Business Impact (Access to Energy)SDG 7Basic Needs
Electric Utilities & Power GeneratorsCore Business Impact (Access to Energy)SDG 7Basic Needs
Fuel Cells & Industrial BatteriesCore Business Impact (Access to Energy)SDG 7Basic Needs
Gas Utilities & DistributorsCore Business Impact (Access to Energy)SDG 7Basic Needs
Oil & Gas - Exploration & ProductionCore Business Impact (Access to Energy)SDG 7Basic Needs
Oil & Gas - MidstreamCore Business Impact (Access to Energy)SDG 7Basic Needs
Oil & Gas - Refining & MarketingCore Business Impact (Access to Energy)SDG 7Basic Needs
Oil & Gas - ServicesCore Business Impact (Access to Energy)SDG 7Basic Needs
Solar Technology & Project DevelopersCore Business Impact (Access to Energy)SDG 7Basic Needs
Wind Technology & Project DevelopersCore Business Impact (Access to Energy)SDG 7Basic Needs
Food Retailers & DistributorsCore Business Impact (Access to Food)SDG 2Basic Needs
RestaurantsCore Business Impact (Access to Food)SDG 2Basic Needs
Drug RetailersCore Business Impact (Access to Healthcare)SDG 3Basic Needs
Health Care DeliveryCore Business Impact (Access to Healthcare)SDG 3Basic Needs
Health Care DistributorsCore Business Impact (Access to Healthcare)SDG 3Basic Needs
Managed CareCore Business Impact (Access to Healthcare)SDG 3Basic Needs
Appliance ManufacturingCore Business Impact (Access to Home Essentials)SDG 11Basic Needs
Building Products & FurnishingsCore Business Impact (Access to Home Essentials)SDG 11Basic Needs
E-CommerceCore Business Impact (Access to Online Goods or Services)SDG 9Well-being
Internet Media & ServicesCore Business Impact (Access to Online Goods or Services)SDG 9Well-being
ChemicalsCore Business Impact (Access to Processed Materials)SDG 9Basic Needs
Commercial BanksCore Business Impact (Access to Property)SDG 11Basic Needs
Mortgage FinanceCore Business Impact (Access to Property)SDG 11Basic Needs
Coal OperationsCore Business Impact (Access to Raw/Semi-Finished Materials)SDG 7Basic Needs
Forestry ManagementCore Business Impact (Access to Raw/Semi-Finished Materials)SDG 9Basic Needs
Iron & Steel ProducersCore Business Impact (Access to Raw/Semi-Finished Materials)SDG 9Basic Needs
Metals & MiningCore Business Impact (Access to Raw/Semi-Finished Materials)SDG 9Basic Needs
Pulp & Paper ProductsCore Business Impact (Access to Raw/Semi-Finished Materials)SDG 9Basic Needs
Internet Media & ServicesCore Business Impact (Access to Travel)SDG 9Well-being
Software & IT ServicesCore Business Impact (Access to Travel)SDG 9Well-being
Water Utilities & ServicesCore Business Impact (Access to Water)SDG 6Basic Needs
Construction MaterialsCore Business Impact (Build the World)SDG 11Basic Needs
Engineering & Construction ServicesCore Business Impact (Build the World)SDG 11Basic Needs
Industrial Machinery & GoodsCore Business Impact (Build the World)SDG 11Basic Needs
Internet Media & ServicesCore Business Impact (Connecting People)SDG 9Basic Needs
Software & IT ServicesCore Business Impact (Connecting People)SDG 9Basic Needs
Telecommunication ServicesCore Business Impact (Connecting People)SDG 9Basic Needs
Biotechnology & PharmaceuticalsCore Business Impact (Cure the World)SDG 3Basic Needs
Electrical & Electronic EquipmentCore Business Impact (Cure the World)SDG 3Basic Needs
Medical Equipment & SuppliesCore Business Impact (Cure the World)SDG 3Basic Needs
HardwareCore Business Impact (Digital Connectivity)SDG 9Basic Needs
Internet Media & ServicesCore Business Impact (Educate/Inform)SDG 16Basic Needs
Media & EntertainmentCore Business Impact (Educate/Inform)SDG 16Basic Needs
Internet Media & ServicesCore Business Impact (Enabling Business Growth)SDG 9Decent Work
Consumer FinanceCore Business Impact (Enabling the Cashless Economy)SDG 8Well-being
Software & IT ServicesCore Business Impact (Enabling the Cashless Economy)SDG 8Well-being
Alcoholic BeveragesCore Business Impact (Enjoyment)SDG 3Well-being
Casinos & GamingCore Business Impact (Enjoyment)SDG 3Well-being
Cruise LinesCore Business Impact (Enjoyment)SDG 9Well-being
Hotels & LodgingCore Business Impact (Enjoyment)SDG 3Well-being
Leisure FacilitiesCore Business Impact (Enjoyment)SDG 3Well-being
Non-Alcoholic BeveragesCore Business Impact (Enjoyment)SDG 3Well-being
TobaccoCore Business Impact (Enjoyment)SDG 3Well-being
Toys & Sporting GoodsCore Business Impact (Enjoyment)SDG 3Well-being
HardwareCore Business Impact (Entertainment)SDG 3Well-being
Internet Media & ServicesCore Business Impact (Entertainment)SDG 3Well-being
Media & EntertainmentCore Business Impact (Entertainment)SDG 3Well-being
Software & IT ServicesCore Business Impact (Entertainment)SDG 3Well-being
Agricultural ProductsCore Business Impact (Feed the World)SDG 2Basic Needs
Meat, Poultry & DairyCore Business Impact (Feed the World)SDG 2Basic Needs
Processed FoodsCore Business Impact (Feed the World)SDG 2Basic Needs
Commercial BanksCore Business Impact (Financing the Economy)SDG 8Decent Work
Investment Banking & BrokerageCore Business Impact (Financing the Economy)SDG 8Decent Work
Security & Commodity ExchangesCore Business Impact (Financing the Economy)SDG 8Decent Work
Household & Personal ProductsCore Business Impact (Hygiene and Sanitation)SDG 3Basic Needs
Electrical & Electronic EquipmentCore Business Impact (Illuminate/Electrify the World)SDG 9Basic Needs
Air Freight & LogisticsCore Business Impact (Mobility of Goods)SDG 9Basic Needs
Marine TransportationCore Business Impact (Mobility of Goods)SDG 9Basic Needs
Rail TransportationCore Business Impact (Mobility of Goods)SDG 9Basic Needs
Road TransportationCore Business Impact (Mobility of Goods)SDG 9Basic Needs
AirlinesCore Business Impact (Mobility of People)SDG 11Basic Needs
Auto PartsCore Business Impact (Mobility of People)SDG 11Basic Needs
AutomobilesCore Business Impact (Mobility of People)SDG 11Basic Needs
Car Rental & LeasingCore Business Impact (Mobility of People)SDG 11Basic Needs
Rail TransportationCore Business Impact (Mobility of People)SDG 11Basic Needs
Aerospace & DefenseCore Business Impact (Mobility)SDG 11Basic Needs
Electrical & Electronic EquipmentCore Business Impact (Mobility)SDG 11Basic Needs
Professional & Commercial ServicesCore Business Impact (Mobility)SDG 11Basic Needs
Containers & PackagingCore Business Impact (Package the World)SDG 9Well-being
Apparel, Accessories & FootwearCore Business Impact (Physical & Mental Well-Being)SDG 3Well-being
Toys & Sporting GoodsCore Business Impact (Physical & Mental Well-Being)SDG 3Well-being
Electrical & Electronic EquipmentCore Business Impact (Productivity)SDG 8Well-being
Electronic Manufacturing Services & Original Design ManufacturingCore Business Impact (Productivity)SDG 8Well-being
HardwareCore Business Impact (Productivity)SDG 8Well-being
Professional & Commercial ServicesCore Business Impact (Productivity)SDG 8Well-being
SemiconductorsCore Business Impact (Productivity)SDG 9Well-being
Software & IT ServicesCore Business Impact (Productivity)SDG 9Well-being
Aerospace & DefenseCore Business Impact (Protect People)SDG 16Basic Needs
Electrical & Electronic EquipmentCore Business Impact (Protect People)SDG 16Well-being
InsuranceCore Business Impact (Protect People)SDG 3Well-being
Professional & Commercial ServicesCore Business Impact (Protect People)SDG 16Well-being
Software & IT ServicesCore Business Impact (Protect People)SDG 16Well-being
Electrical & Electronic EquipmentCore Business Impact (Regulating Temperature for Well-being)SDG 3Well-being
Home BuildersCore Business Impact (Shelter the World)SDG 11Basic Needs
Real EstateCore Business Impact (Shelter the World)SDG 11Basic Needs
Real Estate ServicesCore Business Impact (Shelter the World)SDG 11Basic Needs
Apparel, Accessories & FootwearCore Business Impact (Social Recognition & Expression)SDG 3Well-being
Waste ManagementCore Business Impact (Treating Waste)SDG 12Basic Needs
Asset Management & Custody ActivitiesCore Business Impact (Wealth Creation)SDG 8Well-being


Frameworks that apply to all industries

Regardless of the industries the topic is offered for, the SDG, ILG, and Impact Categories remain the same.

Access to (Accurate) InformationSDG 16Well-beingProducts
Adverse Health Impacts from Products or ServicesSDG 3Basic NeedsProducts
Anti-Competitive BehaviourSDG 16Well-beingProcesses
BriberySDG 16Well-beingProcesses
Business EthicsSDG 16Well-beingProcesses
Clean Mobility SolutionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProducts
Community RelationsSDG 1Basic NeedsTaxes & Philanthropy
Customer WelfareSDG 3Basic NeedsProducts
Data Security & PrivacySDG 16Well-beingProcesses
Employee Gender DiversitySDG 5Decent WorkProcesses
Employee InclusionSDG 10Decent WorkProcesses
Environmental Impacts from Food WasteSDG 12Resource SecurityProducts
Environmental Impacts from Material SourcingSDG 15 Healthy EcosystemProcesses
Financial ExcessSDG 9Well-beingProcesses
GentrificationSDG 11Well-beingProcesses
Health Impacts from Products or ServicesSDG 3Basic NeedsProducts
Job CreationSDG 8Decent WorkProcesses
Labour PracticesSDG 8Decent WorkProcesses
Landscape AlterationSDG 15Healthy EcosystemProcesses
Money LaunderingSDG 16Well-beingProcesses
Operational Waste ProductionSDG 12Resource SecurityProcesses
Operational Water ConsumptionSDG 6Healthy EcosystemProcesses
OverconsumptionSDG 12Well-beingProcesses
Product End-of-Life WasteSDG 12Resource SecurityProducts
Product Quality & SafetySDG 3Basic NeedsProducts
Promote or Hinder Gender Equality or Inclusion through Products or ServicesSDG 10Well-beingProducts
R&D SolutionsSDG 3Basic NeedsProducts
Renewable Energy SolutionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProducts
SME EmpowermentSDG 8Decent WorkProducts
Supply Chain EmpowermentSDG 1Basic NeedsProcesses
TaxesSDG 17Well-beingTaxes & Philanthropy
Water PollutionSDG 14Healthy EcosystemProcesses
Workforce Health & SafetySDG 8Decent WorkProcesses

Industry Specific Frameworks

The SDG, ILG, and Impact Category will differ depending on the industry the topic is offered for.

HardwareAccess to Education & TrainingSDG 10Basic NeedsTaxes & Philanthropy
Professional & Commercial ServicesAccess to Education & TrainingSDG 10 Basic NeedsTaxes & Philanthropy
Software & IT ServicesAccess to Education & TrainingSDG 4Basic NeedsTaxes & Philanthropy
Telecommunication ServicesAccess to Education & TrainingSDG 4Basic NeedsTaxes & Philanthropy
Biotechnology & PharmaceuticalsAccess to Underserved CommunitiesSDG 3Basic NeedsProducts
Consumer FinanceAccess to Underserved CommunitiesSDG 1Basic NeedsProducts
Drug RetailersAccess to Underserved CommunitiesSDG 3Basic NeedsProducts
EducationAccess to Underserved CommunitiesSDG 4Basic NeedsProducts
Health Care DeliveryAccess to Underserved CommunitiesSDG 3Basic NeedsProducts
Health Care DistributorsAccess to Underserved CommunitiesSDG 3Basic NeedsProducts
Managed CareAccess to Underserved CommunitiesSDG 3Basic NeedsProducts
Medical Equipment & SuppliesAccess to Underserved CommunitiesSDG 3Basic NeedsProducts
Professional & Commercial ServicesAccess to Underserved CommunitiesSDG 1Basic NeedsProducts
Real EstateAccess to Underserved CommunitiesSDG 10Basic NeedsProducts
Solar Technology & Project DevelopersAccess to Underserved CommunitiesSDG 10Basic NeedsProducts
Water Utilities & ServicesAccess to Underserved CommunitiesSDG 10Basic NeedsProducts
Wind Technology & Project DevelopersAccess to Underserved CommunitiesSDG 10Basic NeedsProducts
Air Freight & LogisticsAdverse Health Impacts on CommunitiesSDG 3Basic NeedsProducts
AirlinesAdverse Health Impacts on CommunitiesSDG 3Basic NeedsProducts
AutomobilesAdverse Health Impacts on CommunitiesSDG 3Basic NeedsProducts
BiofuelsAdverse Health Impacts on CommunitiesSDG 3Basic NeedsProcesses
ChemicalsAdverse Health Impacts on CommunitiesSDG 3Basic NeedsProcesses
Coal OperationsAdverse Health Impacts on CommunitiesSDG 3Basic NeedsProcesses
Construction MaterialsAdverse Health Impacts on CommunitiesSDG 3Basic NeedsProcesses
Iron & Steel ProducersAdverse Health Impacts on CommunitiesSDG 3Basic NeedsProcesses
Marine TransportationAdverse Health Impacts on CommunitiesSDG 3Basic NeedsProcesses
Meat, Poultry & DairyAdverse Health Impacts on CommunitiesSDG 3Basic NeedsProcesses
Metals & MiningAdverse Health Impacts on CommunitiesSDG 3Basic NeedsProcesses
Oil & Gas - Exploration & ProductionAdverse Health Impacts on CommunitiesSDG 3Basic NeedsProcesses
Oil & Gas - MidstreamAdverse Health Impacts on CommunitiesSDG 3Basic NeedsProcesses
Oil & Gas - Refining & MarketingAdverse Health Impacts on CommunitiesSDG 3Basic NeedsProcesses
Road TransportationAdverse Health Impacts on CommunitiesSDG 3Basic NeedsProducts
Waste ManagementAdverse Health Impacts on CommunitiesSDG 3Basic NeedsProcesses
AirlinesAffordabilitySDG 11Well-beingProducts
Apparel, Accessories & FootwearAffordabilitySDG 1 Basic NeedsProducts
AutomobilesAffordabilitySDG 11Basic NeedsProducts
Biotechnology & PharmaceuticalsAffordabilitySDG 3Basic NeedsProducts
Car Rental & LeasingAffordabilitySDG 11Well-beingProducts
Construction MaterialsAffordabilitySDG 11Basic NeedsProducts
Consumer FinanceAffordabilitySDG 8Basic NeedsProducts
EducationAffordabilitySDG 4Basic NeedsProducts
Electric Utilities & Power GeneratorsAffordabilitySDG 7Basic NeedsProducts
Gas Utilities & DistributorsAffordabilitySDG 7Basic NeedsProducts
Health Care DeliveryAffordabilitySDG 3Basic NeedsProducts
Home BuildersAffordabilitySDG 11Basic NeedsProducts
Hotels & LodgingAffordabilitySDG 11Well-beingProducts
Household & Personal ProductsAffordabilitySDG 3Basic NeedsProducts
Medical Equipment & SuppliesAffordabilitySDG 3Basic NeedsProducts
Processed FoodsAffordabilitySDG 2Basic NeedsProducts
Rail TransportationAffordabilitySDG 11Basic NeedsProducts
Road TransportationAffordabilitySDG 11Basic NeedsProducts
Solar Technology & Project DevelopersAffordabilitySDG 7Basic NeedsProducts
Telecommunication ServicesAffordabilitySDG 9Basic NeedsProducts
Water Utilities & ServicesAffordabilitySDG 6Basic NeedsProducts
Advertising & MarketingGHG EmissionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProcesses
Aerospace & DefenseGHG EmissionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProcesses
Agricultural ProductsGHG EmissionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProcesses
Air Freight & LogisticsGHG EmissionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProcesses
AirlinesGHG EmissionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProcesses
Alcoholic BeveragesGHG EmissionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProcesses
Apparel, Accessories & FootwearGHG EmissionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProcesses
Appliance ManufacturingGHG EmissionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProcesses
Asset Management & Custody ActivitiesGHG EmissionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProcesses
Auto PartsGHG EmissionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProcesses
AutomobilesGHG EmissionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProcesses
BiofuelsGHG EmissionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProducts
Biotechnology & PharmaceuticalsGHG EmissionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProcesses
Building Products & FurnishingsGHG EmissionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProcesses
Car Rental & LeasingGHG EmissionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProcesses
Casinos & GamingGHG EmissionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProcesses
ChemicalsGHG EmissionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProcesses
Coal OperationsGHG EmissionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProcesses
Commercial BanksGHG EmissionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProcesses
Construction MaterialsGHG EmissionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProcesses
Consumer FinanceGHG EmissionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProcesses
Containers & PackagingGHG EmissionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProcesses
Cruise LinesGHG EmissionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProcesses
Drug RetailersGHG EmissionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProcesses
E-CommerceGHG EmissionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProcesses
EducationGHG EmissionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProcesses
Electric Utilities & Power GeneratorsGHG EmissionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProcesses
Electrical & Electronic EquipmentGHG EmissionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProcesses
Electronic Manufacturing Services & Original Design ManufacturingGHG EmissionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProcesses
Engineering & Construction ServicesGHG EmissionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProcesses
Food Retailers & DistributorsGHG EmissionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProcesses
Forestry ManagementGHG EmissionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProcesses
Fuel Cells & Industrial BatteriesGHG EmissionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProcesses
Gas Utilities & DistributorsGHG EmissionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProducts
HardwareGHG EmissionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProcesses
Health Care DeliveryGHG EmissionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProcesses
Health Care DistributorsGHG EmissionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProcesses
Home BuildersGHG EmissionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProcesses
Hotels & LodgingGHG EmissionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProcesses
Household & Personal ProductsGHG EmissionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProcesses
Industrial Machinery & GoodsGHG EmissionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProcesses
InsuranceGHG EmissionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProcesses
Internet Media & ServicesGHG EmissionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProcesses
Investment Banking & BrokerageGHG EmissionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProcesses
Iron & Steel ProducersGHG EmissionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProcesses
Leisure FacilitiesGHG EmissionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProcesses
Managed CareGHG EmissionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProcesses
Marine TransportationGHG EmissionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProcesses
Meat, Poultry & DairyGHG EmissionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProcesses
Media & EntertainmentGHG EmissionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProcesses
Medical Equipment & SuppliesGHG EmissionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProcesses
Metals & MiningGHG EmissionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProcesses
Mortgage FinanceGHG EmissionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProcesses
Multiline and Specialty Retailers & DistributorsGHG EmissionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProcesses
Non-Alcoholic BeveragesGHG EmissionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProcesses
Oil & Gas - Exploration & ProductionGHG EmissionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProducts
Oil & Gas - MidstreamGHG EmissionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProducts
Oil & Gas - Refining & MarketingGHG EmissionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProducts
Oil & Gas - ServicesGHG EmissionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProducts
Processed FoodsGHG EmissionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProcesses
Professional & Commercial ServicesGHG EmissionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProcesses
Pulp & Paper ProductsGHG EmissionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProcesses
Rail TransportationGHG EmissionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProcesses
Real EstateGHG EmissionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProcesses
Real Estate ServicesGHG EmissionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProcesses
RestaurantsGHG EmissionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProcesses
Road TransportationGHG EmissionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProcesses
Security & Commodity ExchangesGHG EmissionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProcesses
SemiconductorsGHG EmissionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProcesses
Software & IT ServicesGHG EmissionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProcesses
Solar Technology & Project DevelopersGHG EmissionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProcesses
Telecommunication ServicesGHG EmissionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProcesses
TobaccoGHG EmissionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProcesses
Toys & Sporting GoodsGHG EmissionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProcesses
Waste ManagementGHG EmissionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProcesses
Water Utilities & ServicesGHG EmissionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProcesses
Wind Technology & Project DevelopersGHG EmissionsSDG 13Climate StabilityProcesses
Aerospace & DefenseHuman RightsSGD 16Basic NeedsProducts
Agricultural ProductsHuman RightsSGD 16Basic NeedsProcesses
Coal OperationsHuman RightsSGD 16Basic NeedsProcesses
Forestry ManagementHuman RightsSGD 16Basic NeedsProcesses
Metals & MiningHuman RightsSGD 16Basic NeedsProcesses
Oil & Gas - Exploration & ProductionHuman RightsSGD 16Basic NeedsProcesses
SemiconductorsHuman RightsSGD 16Basic NeedsProcesses

(Digital) Environmental and Social Solutions

All solution topics fall under the 'Products' Impact Category.

Companies that are social solution providers will be linked to the 'Basic Needs' ILG theme, and environmental solution providers will most often be linked to the 'Climate Stability' ILG theme.

The SDGs will vary depending on the solution type. We can, however, identify the most commonly used SDGs for specific industries below:

Auto PartsSocial Solutions
Electrical & Electronic EquipmentSocial Solutions
Industrial Machinery & GoodsSocial Solutions
Professional & Commercial ServicesSocial Solutions
Agricultural ProductsEnvironmental Solutions
Auto PartsEnvironmental Solutions
SemiconductorsEnvironmental Solutions
Software & IT ServicesEnvironmental Solutions
Telecommunication ServicesEnvironmental Solutions
HardwareSocial Solutions
Software & IT ServicesSocial Solutions
Telecommunication ServicesSocial Solutions
Aerospace & DefenseEnvironmental Solutions
Construction MaterialsEnvironmental Solutions
Electrical & Electronic EquipmentEnvironmental Solutions
Engineering & Construction ServicesEnvironmental Solutions
Industrial Machinery & GoodsEnvironmental Solutions
Professional & Commercial ServicesEnvironmental Solutions
Pulp & Paper ProductsEnvironmental Solutions
Waste ManagementEnvironmental Solutions
Water Utilities & ServicesEnvironmental Solutions