What is it?
Waste production is ”the production of unwanted materials as a by-product of economic processes.”
Companies all produce waste through their operations.
Some possible impact of waste production include:
Discharges into water: the release of unwanted waste material into water systems. This includes point discharges, such as sewer pipes, distributed discharges, such as fertiliser runoff, and industrial spills - more in the article water discharge pollution.
Emissions into air: the release of unwanted waste into the air. This includes combustion by-products from cars, factories, and power plants. This also includes the release of volatiles from manufacturing processes — more in the article Air pollutants.
Releases into soils: the release of unwanted waste directly into or onto the soil. This includes industrial spills, fertilisers, etc.