The Sustainable Development Goals are a plan of action, to target and resolve the challenges we’re facing on the planet. They are not just about the environment (as the word ‘sustainability’ can sometimes suggest), they encompass much more than that, with goals targeting issues such as gender equality, poverty and peace.
The goals were laid out at the UN Sustainable Development Summit in New York in 2015. They are a global effort and each of the countries in the United Nations has committed to achieving the goals by the set year - 2030. Each year there is a follow up at the High-Level Political Forum on Sustainable Development.
The purpose of the SDGs is to encompass the following topics seen as critical to humanity and the planet:
People: Aim to end hunger, poverty and equality in a healthy environment.
Planet: Improve the management of natural resources and protect the planet.
Prosperity: Ensuring we all have fulfilling lives and that developments are made in harmony with nature.
Peace: Societies that are free from fear and violence.
Partnership: Mobilizing the means to achieve the goals through a global partnership.